POSTED BY PAULA M. BUITRAGO
GOTHICS It is generally believed that the original goths were a tribe from East Germany, who were instrumental in the fall of the Roman Empire. However, the word ‘goth’ became synonymous with ‘uncultured’ and ‘barbarian’ due to the Christianization of Europe and goths were branded as pagans. However, the goth scene got a revival in the late eighteenth century when Horace Walpole published ‘The Castle of Otranto’ as a gothic novel in 1764.
After that, goth was associated with horror, darkness, supernatural, and morbidity. The gothic trend started relating itself to ghosts, vampires, graveyards, abandoned castles and churches, cursed families, nightmares, and other such melodramatic plots.The goth subculture started during the early 1980s in the United Kingdom as a gothic rock scene. The music taste of goths includes several music styles. The dress styles consist of punk, Victorian, death rock, and androgynous, along with mixtures from Medieval and Renaissance attire also. Normally, the dress would be a combination of one or more of these styles but black attire is the most common, with matching special goth fashion hair and makeup.
The influence of goth novels along with the poetry and music of the goth subculture on the goth scene is quite significant. However, the goth fashion was expressed more vividly in the movies and television shows through horror stories.
The horror movies of the German Expressionist Cinema that appeared after the first World War was adopted by the films of the Universal Studios in the 1920s and 1930s. During the 1960s, the portrayal of Dracula by Bela Lugosi, and the male gothic image presented by the Byronic Hero, along with the TV series like the Munsters and the Addams Family were powerfully appealing.
the skateboarding is a kind of Urban Tribe which is related with the street culture.it arose from its father the surf in the 50th's .the story of the skateboarding started when the first skaters Jay Admas,Tony Alva,Stacey Peralta which in the beginning were surfers who wanted to live 24 hours a day just surfing looked for ways to do it when they were not in the water.Therefore, they started to surfing on pavement of the streets with wooden boards and skate wheels underneath them. What these surfers with their boards with wheels did was to surf and perform the same tests they conducted at sea but on land.One day, a young man named Alan Gelfand got to raise his skate 5 inches above the ground thus it was born the famous "ollie" that gave birth to skateboarding as it is known today.From there, the "tricks" were already beginning to be differentiated from the surfer style. Also,now that was possible to take off the table from land, a whole new world began to unfold for these young people who found in the skate and surf all the meaning in their lives.However, everything was not rosy in the beginning of the history of skateboarding. Around 1965, the American Medical Association declared that "skateboarders are a health threat. ";For this reason,there was forbidden by law to practice the sport in public places and the skaters were easy targets for angry cops.Today, skateboarding has gained a lot of terrain and advertising.
Something important to say is that the skaters see the skateboarding as a culture and lifestyle that everyone without distinction of sex, race or religion can practice. Perhaps only those who practice the skate can understand what the table are generated to them. Anyway, the skaters say that skateboarding has helped them mentally and spiritually and that has made them better persons.
Otaku (おたく / オタク) (oh-tah-kooh) is a Japanese term used to refer to people with obsessive interests, particularly anime, manga, or video games.
Otaku is derived from a Japanese term for another's house or family (お宅, otaku) which is also used as an honorific second-person pronoun. The modern slang form, which is distinguished from the older usage by being written only in hiragana (おたく) or katakana (オタク or, less frequently, ヲタク), or rarely in rōmaji, appeared in the 1980s. In the anime Macross, first aired in 1982, the term was used by Lynn Minmay as an honorific term. It appears to have been coined by the humorist and essayist Akio Nakamori in his 1983 series An Investigation of "Otaku" (『おたく』の研究, "Otaku" no Kenkyū), printed in the lolicon magazine Manga Burikko. Animators like Haruhiko Mikimoto and Shōji Kawamori used the term among themselves as an honorific second-person pronoun since the late 1970s.
Another source for the term comes from the works of science fiction author Motoko Arai. In his book Wrong about Japan, Peter Carey interviews the novelist, artist and Gundam chronicler Yuka Minakawa. She reveals that Arai used the word in her novels as a second-person pronoun, and the readers adopted the term for themselves.
In modern Japanese slang, the term otaku refers to a fan of any particular theme, topic, or hobby. Common uses are anime otaku (a fan of anime), cosplay otaku and manga otaku (a fan of Japanese graphic novels), pasokon otaku (personal computer geeks), gēmu otaku (playing video games), and wota (pronounced 'ota', previously referred to as "idol otaku") that are extreme fans of idols, heavily promoted singing girls. There are also tetsudō otaku or denshamania (railfans) or gunji otaku (military geeks).
While these are the most common uses, the word can be applied to anything (music otaku, martial arts otaku, cooking otaku, etc.).
The loan-words maniakku or mania (from the English "maniac" and "mania") are sometimes used in relation to specialist hobbies and interests. They can indicate someone with otaku leanings. (For example, Gundam Mania would describe a person who is very interested in the anime series Gundam). They can also describe the focus of such interests (a maniakku gēmu would be a particularly underground or eccentric game appealing primarily to otaku). The nuance of maniakku in Japanese is softer and less likely to cause offense than otaku.
Some of Japan's otaku use the term to describe themselves and their friends semi-humorously, accepting their position as fans, and some even use the term proudly, attempting to reclaim it from its negative connotations. In general colloquial usage however, most Japanese would consider it undesirable to be described in a serious fashion as "otaku"; many even consider it to be an offensive term.
An interesting modern look into the otaku culture has surfaced with an allegedly true story surfacing on the largest internet bulletin board 2channel: "Densha Otoko" or "Train Man", a love story about a geek and a beautiful woman who meet on a train. The story has enjoyed a compilation in novel form, several comic book adaptations, a movie released in June 2005, a theme song Love Parade for this movie by a popular Japanese band named Orange Range and a television series that aired on Fuji TV from June to September 2005. The drama has become another hot topic in Japan, and the novel, film and television series give a closer look into the otaku culture. In Japan its popularity and positive portrayal of the main character has helped to reduce negative stereotypes about otaku, and increase the acceptability of some otaku hobbies.
The former Prime Minister of Japan, Taro Aso also claimed himself to be an otaku, using this subculture to promote Japan in foreign affairs.
A subset of otaku are the Akiba-kei, men who spend a lot of time in Akihabara in Tokyo and who are mainly obsessive about anime, idols and games. Sometimes the term is used to describe something pertaining to the subculture that surrounds anime, idols and games in Japan. This subculture places an emphasis on certain services (see fanservice) and has its own system for judgment of anime, dating simulations and/or role-playing games and some manga (often dōjinshi) based upon the level of fanservice in the work. Another popular criterion — how ideal the female protagonist of the show is — is often characterized by a level of stylized cuteness and child-like behavior (see moe). In addition, this subculture places great emphasis on knowledge of individual key animators and directors and of minute details within works. The international subculture is influenced by the Japanese one, but differs in many areas often based upon region. (See also: Superflat, Hiroki Azuma.)
On the matter, in recent years "idol otaku" are naming themselves simply as Wota (ヲタ) as a way to differentiate from traditional otaku. The word was derived by dropping the last mora, leaving ota (オタ) and then replacing o (オ) with the identically sounding character wo (ヲ), leaving the pronunciation unchanged.
When otaku are studied, female otaku are largely ignored. Reki-jo are female otaku interested in Japanese history.
"Otakon" (short for "otaku convention") is a convention organized by Otakorp, Inc, a non-profit organization. Otakon is focused on anime, manga, East Asian culture, and its fandom. The second largest convention of this type in the US and the largest on the east coast, it began in State College, Pennsylvania, in 1994 and has been held in Baltimore, Maryland since 1999. In 2008, Otakon was the largest convention of its kind in the U.S..
Otakorp Inc. gave permission to Konami to use the name "Otacon" in any of their Metal Gear video game series. "Otacon" is the codename of character Hal Emmerich, a scientist and self-professed otaku.
POSTED BY LAURA SOFIA DELGADO
POSTED BY LAURA SOFIA DELGADO: THIS URBAN TRIBE HAS MANY DEFINITIONS AND COMMENTS IN WHICH SAY MANY STUFF, SOME OF THEM ARE OFFENSIVE AND STRANGE. IN THE FOLLOWING WEBPAGE YOU WILL OBSERVE SOME COMMENTS ABOUT THIS GROUP, YOU CAN COMMENT THAT IF YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE ABOUT THIS SOMEONE ELSE'S OPINION http://uncyclopedia.wikia.com/wiki/Emo
|Posted by Natalia Andrea Garcia|
The follow video can help you to understand better what kind of Urban Tribe Pomenones is
Skinhead culture emerged as a result of two shifts in British culture and society in the early/mid 1960s. Firstly, The mods-1968. scene which had been so popular amongst British youth had begun to split into different factions. While the middle class Mods were able to carry on pursuing the latest Carnaby Street clothes and fashionable haircuts, this was out of reach to most working class Mods. In a scene so heavily based on consumerism, this undermined the working class Mods' status and ability to take part in the scene. This led to the emergence of "hard Mods", who marked themselves off from their peers with shaved hair, tight jeans, braces (suspenders), and work boots. This style, based on the typical style of British workingmen at the time, served to separate them from the old Mods and the middle class hippies of their generation. It served as "a conscious attempt by working class youth to dramatise and resolve their marginal status in a class-based society.
POSTED BY PAULA
|this page is a complited one to learn about Metaleros subculture: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_metal_subculture|
At the same time, there was an influx of Jamaican immigration to London. They brought with them Jamaican rude boy culture, reggae and ska. Many of them went to work in London’s docks and lived in the working class communities of London’s East End. As a result of living so close to one another, the ‘native’ hard Mods mingled with the Jamaican rude boys, swapping mannerisms, slang words and dancing together in West Indian dancehalls to all the latest ska, reggae and soul records.
the Skinheads were born, a multi-racial, working class youth subculture with a clearly defined hostility to the police, government and bosses as well as being an expression of the discontent that many young people felt at the time.
This culture would only flourish for a short while, peaking in 1969 and fizzling out in the early 1970s amidst internal violence and media hysteria.
However, to say that Skinhead died in the early 70s is wrong and by the late 1970s, Skinheads were back and had spread internationally, across Europe and to North America. Sadly, the resurgence of Skinhead culture in Britain had seen a fundamental political shift within the scene. Skins no longer danced side-by-side with Jamaican rude boys, were more connected to the emerging Punk movement and had become fertile ground for recruiting for far-right groups like the National Front and the more radical neo-Nazi group, the British Movement. Fascist groups began consciously recruiting racist Skinheads (who anti-racist Skins called ‘Boneheads’) to be foot soldiers in their street fights with immigrants, ethnic minorities and the far-left. This process was helped by the media’s portrayal of this new subculture as an explicitly racist one. Also, by the mid-1980s a far-right music movement, Blood & Honour, had become the main distributor of nazi Skinhead and Punk bands across the world holding big international gigs and publishing magazines.
Far-right activism also became a common theme throughout the Skinhead scene in North America and even more so in Europe (a common idea was that some Skins in the US might not be racist, but all the Skins in Europe were Nazis!). Racist Skins in the US were the first to organise themselves into gangs and attacked Punks, non-whites and anti-racist Skinheads. However, with the increasing violence of racist Skinheads, it’s hardly surprising that anti-racist Skins started organising themselves.
In 1986, the Baldies, America’s first explicitly anti-racist Skinhead crew were formed in Minneapolis to combat the presence of neo-Nazi gang, the White Knights. In 1987, the first Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice (SHARP) branch opened up in New York City to combat media portrayals of Skinheads as violent racists and spread information about Skinhead culture’s multi-racial history. They also vowed to rid New York of the racist Skinhead scene that was around in New York at the time. The SHARP model spread to other cities across the US and by 1988, there were SHARP branches in Europe as well. There have also been other anti-racist Skinhead groups, most notably RASH – Red and Anarchist Skinheads.